Predjama Castle: A Refuge for Slovenia’s Robin Hood

Within the annals of history, Predjama Castle emerges as the former sanctuary of Slovenia’s Robin Hood, set dramatically at the mouth of a cliffside cave, commanding a panoramic view of the landscape. This strategic vantage point proved invaluable during the confrontation with the Holy Roman Emperor’s formidable army.

The Strategic Perch of a Fortress

A lithograph of the castle created by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1816. ( Source )

Positioned to the northwest of Postojna in Inner Carniola, Predjama Castle stands out for its unique location within a cave halfway up a towering 123-meter cliff. Aptly named ‘Castle in front of the cave’ in Slovenian, the castle’s construction commenced in the 12th or 13th century, adopting the flourishing Gothic style prevalent in Europe during that era. Built incrementally, the earliest reference dates back to 1274, known by its German name, ‘Luegg.’

Shifting Ownership Through Ages

The ‘Knight’s Hall’ within Predjama Castle. ( Source )

The reins of Predjama Castle passed through diverse hands over the centuries. Initially under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, situated in the territory of the Italian town of Aquileia, the castle fell to Austrian control in 1350. Attempts to reclaim it in 1398 by besieging the castle were made by the Aquileians.

Erazem Lueger: Knight and Renowned Robber Baron

The staircase leading into the cave at Predjama Castle. ( Source )

The castle’s most celebrated proprietor, Erazem Lueger, gained notoriety as both a knight and a legendary robber baron, often likened to Robin Hood. However, his legacy is most vividly painted through his valiant defense against the Holy Roman Emperor’s forces, stemming from Lueger’s alleged support for the Hungarians during their conflicts with the Holy Roman Empire.

The Siege Chronicles of Predjama Castle

Predjama Castle located in Slovenia. ( Source )

Confronting the emperor’s ire, Lueger sought refuge in Predjama Castle, foreseeing an enduring siege. Perched on a cliff, the castle’s singular approach complicated the governor’s plan to cut off its supplies. Surprisingly, the defenders, under Lueger’s command, displayed abundance, even hurling fresh cherries at the besieging army to showcase their well-stocked provisions.

In a twist of fate, Lueger’s defense crumbled due to betrayal by a subordinate. Meeting an ignominious end while in the castle’s outhouse, a cannon fired by the attackers sealed his fate. Subsequent revelations disclosed that the defenders utilized a secret passage through the caves for supplies.

Renaissance After Catastrophe

Predjama Castle withstood a powerful earthquake that inflicted substantial damage. In 1570, owner Hans Kobenzl, an Austrian knight from Kärnten, opted for a Renaissance-style reconstruction. This rebuilt castle, now accessible to the public, hosts various cultural events, including the annual Erazem’s Knight Tournament.


Predjama Castle’s narrative, marked by shifts in ownership, a legendary defense, and subsequent reconstruction, underscores its resilience against adversities. Its picturesque setting and the saga of Erazem Lueger contribute to the allure of this Slovenian gem, making it a must-visit for enthusiasts of history.

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