Vineyards of Lanzarote: From Volcanic Ashes to Fine Wines
Canary Island is a beautiful and unique archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Africa. It is a popular tourist destination for its sunny weather, beautiful beaches, and unique landscapes. However, the island is also famous for its vineyards, particularly those located in Lanzarote. These vineyards are unique, as they are grown in volcanic ash soil, and the vines are trained in a way that protects them from the island’s strong winds. In this article, we will explore the history of vineyards in Lanzarote, the characteristics of the vineyards, the wines produced, and why they are becoming increasingly popular.
History of Vineyards in Lanzarote
Lanzarote has a long history of wine production, dating back to the 15th century. At that time, wine was primarily produced for local consumption, and the vineyards were small and scattered. However, in the 18th and 19th centuries, wine production became more organized and widespread, and the vineyards began to take on a more significant role in the island’s economy.
In the mid-19th century, a pest called phylloxera devastated most of the vineyards in Europe, forcing many growers to switch to other crops. However, the vines in Lanzarote were spared due to the island’s isolation and unique volcanic soil, which proved resistant to the pest. As a result, Lanzarote’s vineyards continued to grow and prosper.
Characteristics of Lanzarote Vineyards
The vineyards in Lanzarote are unique and have several distinct characteristics. First, the soil is made up of volcanic ash, which retains moisture and nutrients, allowing the vines to grow even in a dry climate. Second, the vines are grown in a unique way called “el sistema de cultivo en hoyo,” which involves digging deep holes in the soil and then surrounding the plants with semi-circular walls made from volcanic rock. This protects the vines from the strong winds that are prevalent on the island.
Third, the vines are trained in a way that allows them to grow close to the ground, protecting them from the wind and maximizing their exposure to the sun. The vines are also pruned aggressively to ensure that the grapes are of high quality.
Wines Produced in Lanzarote
The vineyards in Lanzarote produce a variety of wines, including red, white, and rosé. However, the most famous wine produced on the island is Malvasia, a sweet white wine made from a grape of the same name. Malvasia has a unique flavor profile, with notes of honey, apricot, and fig, and pairs well with desserts, cheeses, and spicy dishes.
In recent years, Lanzarote’s wines have gained recognition and popularity around the world. Many winemakers have moved to the island, attracted by its unique soil and climate, and are producing high-quality wines that are winning awards and accolades.
Why Lanzarote’s Vineyards Are Becoming Popular?
Lanzarote’s vineyards are becoming increasingly popular among wine enthusiasts and tourists for several reasons. First, the wines produced on the island are unique and of high quality, with distinct flavors and aromas. Second, the vineyards themselves are beautiful and scenic, with rows of vines stretching out into the distance against a backdrop of volcanoes and the Atlantic Ocean.
Third, Lanzarote’s vineyards are part of a larger trend of sustainable and organic farming practices. Many of the vineyards on the island are small, family-owned operations that prioritize environmentally friendly practices, such as minimizing the use of pesticides and fertilizers and using renewable energy sources.
Overview of the Vineyard
In conclusion, Lanzarote’s vineyards are a unique and fascinating aspect of the island’s culture and economy. The history of wine production on the island dates back centuries, and the vineyards themselves have several distinct characteristics that set them apart from those in other regions. The wines produced in Lanzarote are of high quality and have a distinct flavor profile, particularly the famous Malvasia wine.
Moreover, Lanzarote’s vineyards are becoming increasingly popular among wine enthusiasts and tourists alike, drawn to the island’s sustainable farming practices and scenic vineyards. Whether you are a wine lover or just appreciate natural beauty, a visit to Lanzarote’s vineyards is a must-do experience.
If you’re planning a visit to the island, be sure to visit some of its top wineries, such as Bodega La Geria, Bodegas El Grifo, and Bodegas Rubicón. You can sample their wines, learn about the wine-making process, and take a tour of the vineyards.
Overall, Lanzarote’s vineyards are an important part of the island’s heritage and economy, and they offer a unique and memorable experience for visitors.