Tanks of First World War
Do you know that the first war tank used in the world was produced by England in 1915? The use of tanks is not very ancient. They have been used for close to 100 years and have managed to become one of the most effective weapons of war. Tanks used in the First World War were produced with the technological possibilities of that time and were the weapons that guided the war. Tanks, which were first actively used in the First World War, were often sent to the fronts by the belligerent countries and advantageous situations were obtained. Among the war tanks that have been in use since 1915, we have selected the most effective tanks:
|French Schneider CA1 Tank
|After the use of the Mark-1 tank at Flers in 1916, France sent Schneider tanks to war for the first time on April 16, 1917.
|French Renault FT-17 Light Tank
|At the end of 1917, the Whiffed tank, the series of medium tanks, entered service in the UK. The weight of it was 14-20 tons, and the range was 100 km. Serial production of Renault-FT light tanks began in France in 1918.
|American Christie Tank
|The USA produced its original first tank Christie in 1931. This tank weighed 13 tons and moved on wheels or pallets.
|German Tiger Tank
|And in Germany, very light tanks were first built, which were equipped only with a heavy machine gun. However, after the experience gained in the Spanish civil war, the production of heavier and better-armored tanks began.
|Russian T-34 Tank
|The T-34 tank was suitable for the Sahara and had wide pallets that were very convenient to move on soft soil. In 1944, the Stalin tank was produced, equipped with a 122-mm cannon, thickly armored and with a fairly low speed.
About tanks used in the First World War
All the first tanks of the First World War had a serious drawback: it was almost impossible to stay in them for a long time due to strong gas pollution, and the high temperature was created by the operation of the engine located in the same area as the crew. Powerful engines had not yet been created, and assembly technologies did not imply other ways of articulating parts, except for riveting. The reservation could withstand a bullet, sometimes a light one, but any action had a detrimental effect on the field artillery more than three-inch caliber, equipment, and personnel. In Russia, tanks began to be built much later than in other industries. Developed countries have only made significant progress in this regard.
Although the British took the lead in developing tanks, the French were closely following this process and commissioned their first tanks in 1917. The Germans, on the other hand, advanced their work in this direction because they cared more about anti-tank weapons than tanks.
Some problems arose in the working and application processes of tanks. During the tests, mechanical reliability problems that arose on these machines when they were put into collision caused the tanks to wear out quickly. Tanks, to give a rough definition, can be defined as heavily armored vehicles that have the ability to fire and the ability to easily navigate the terrain with their pallets. However, it is not possible to call every vehicle with pallets or armored a tank. Tanks, like other vehicles in armies, have a different place in terms of their intended use. The fear aroused in the enemy forces by the first use of tanks, of course, led to the search for ways to defeat this vehicle. Before long, it was discovered that the armor of these tanks was not resistant to cannon fire, and attempts were made to overcome these tanks with both mortars and cannon shots.