Korean War – Causes, Nations, and Consequences
Without a doubt, one of the bloody wars after the Second World War was the Korean War, which was between North and South Korea. This war was also supported by three important nations as well as the United Nations.
If you would like to learn more about this war, which took place between 1950 and 1953, then this guide is for you. In the following sections, we have covered everything you might want to learn about the war. It is worth noting that the Korean War is also the first war in the world that took place after World War II, which happened during the Cold War Era.
As you can guess, just like all other wars, there are multiple causes and consequences of the Korean War. However, the worst part of this war is that more than two and a half million people lost their lives in only three years.
So, let’s check the details of this war together and try to gain a better insight into the causes, consequences, and nations of the war.
What Are Korean War Causes?
Korea was already divided into two regimes before the war. The main reason for this is the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. One of the Korean nations, i.e., South Korea was backed by the United States, and they adopted a non-communist regime. In those times, the country was ruled by an anti-communist statesman, Syngman Rhee.
On the other hand, North Korea was being backed by the Soviet Union and as you can guess, it adopted a communist regime. In those times, North Korea was ruled by a dictator, Kim Il-Sung, whose descendants are still in rule in North Korea today.
The main conflict between communism and socialism led to the war. However, the war officially began when North Korea attacked South Korea on June 25, 1950. The entire attack was backed by the Soviet Union and China. In addition to this, North Korea managed to capture the capital of South Korea, Seoul, only in three days.
What Are Participating Korean War Nations?
Unlike what most people believe, the Korean War did not take place only between South Korea, which is known as Republic Korea, and North Korea, which is known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
There were other participants who stood with these nations. Besides North and South Korea, China and the United States also took part in the war. In addition to this, the United Nations is also involved in the events.
Moreover, the Soviet Union supported, supplied, and advised North Korea during the war. China also supported North Korea. On the other hand, the United States and the United Nations stood with South Korea.
What Are Korean War Consequences?
Unfortunately, the Korean War consequences were quite devastating, especially for Koreans. Besides the death of more than two and a half million Koreans, North and South Korea remain divided. In addition to this, many families were broken up. Most of them are still unable to communicate with each other today.
In addition to the official death numbers, it is believed that almost a million citizens disappeared during the three years. So, on average, the total casualty of the Korean War reaches around four million in total.
As you can guess, the industry and trade were also affected as a result of the three-year war. The industry in both South Korea and North Korea was significantly affected. However, North Korea suffered more in terms of economic sense compared to South Korea. Today, there is still a huge gap between these two countries.
Today, the United States soldiers are still in South Korea, which worsens the relationship between South Korea and China. This is a long-lasting problem in the area, especially for South Korea.