Devon’s Devil’s Footprints: A Mystifying Enigma

One cold winter morning in 1855, the residents of Devon, England, awoke to an enigmatic sight. Snow had transformed their quaint countryside into a magical white landscape. However, what captured their imagination were the strange tracks that adorned the snowy terrain. These tracks resembled hooves, but they were laid out in an eerie single-file line, as if an otherworldly creature had strolled on two legs, placing one hoof in front of the other. Even more baffling, these peculiar tracks spanned for miles, traversing impossible terrains, igniting a mystery that would haunt the town for decades.

The Bizarre Hoofprints – A Phenomenon Beyond Explanation

Snowy countryside, Turville A view over the village from beside the windmill.
Snowy countryside, Turville A view over the village from beside the windmill. Source: Wikimedia Commons

The mysterious cloven hoofprints, often referred to as the “Devil’s Footprints,” appeared in over 30 locations across the English countryside. They followed no discernable path and were not limited to one area. Instead, they manifested in various locations, from south to east, extending for dozens of miles. They ventured where no known animal could have ventured – over rooftops, haystacks, through barns, up walls, and even through pipes no wider than four inches in diameter. Their total distance spanned a mind-boggling 40 to 100 miles, confounding all rational explanations.

Weather’s Role in the Enigma

The prevailing weather played a significant role in this bewildering occurrence. Without a recent snowfall, the unique marks would have gone unnoticed by locals. Moreover, while accounts of the snowfall’s weight varied, they agreed on one thing – the previous night was extremely cold, and a thaw had occurred before morning, causing distortion in the tracks. Skeptics often cite these weather conditions as the key to understanding this enigmatic phenomenon.

The Devil’s Presence in Devon

 Illustration du Dictionnaire infernal par Louis Le Breton.
Illustration du Dictionnaire infernal par Louis Le Breton. Source: Wikimedia Commons

The bewildering tracks swiftly earned the moniker “the Devil’s Footprints” or “tracks of Satan,” thanks to their hoof-like shape and the inexplicable, miles-long path they followed. The townsfolk began to believe that “the Devil walks in Devon,” as newspapers of the time would later claim. Fearful of the mysterious visitor, people avoided going out after dark. Some observers even asserted that the tracks appeared burned or branded into the snow. This assertion gained weight in 1957 when an anthropologist reported similar hoofprints on a Devon beach, resembling marks cut out of the sand with a flat iron, six feet apart.

Terrifying Encounters

These eerie footprints were not just confined to the snow but seemed to approach doorways and then halt, as if the mysterious creature responsible had a peculiar interest in the residents on the other side. This further fueled the fears that had gripped the community.

Rare First-Hand Accounts

Devonshire Devil Prints 1855
Devonshire Devil Prints 1855. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Although some sources suggest that newspapers extensively covered the phenomenon at the time, first-hand accounts of the Devil’s Footprints were elusive for many years. It wasn’t until 1950 that accounts of the event resurfaced, found in the records of the former vicar of Clyst St. George. Tracings and sketches of the tracks were discovered, along with a letter marked “not for publication.” This letter described the tracks as resembling a donkey’s hoof but with a unique gait – foot following foot in a single line. In every case, the tracks were exactly the same size – about four by two inches – and evenly spaced.

Skepticism and Hoax Theories

Given the extensive coverage of these prints and their broad geographic distribution, skeptics argue that the phenomenon could be attributed to hoaxers or mass hysteria. They question the plausibility of anyone having witnessed the entire length of the tracks, considering the limited means of travel in 1855. Brian Dunning, in an episode of Skeptoid, concludes that there may be no reason to believe this truly happened.

Unusual Suspects – Mice, Kangaroos, and More

Skeptics have proposed various explanations for the Devil’s Footprints. Some suggest kangaroos or wallabies might have escaped from a nearby owner, though kangaroo tracks were unfamiliar in England at the time. Other theories include badgers, field mice known for leaving distinctive V-shaped tracks in the snow, unusual weather conditions, or perhaps a combination of factors. Mike Dash, a historian, speculated that the tracks might have been made by several different animals, leaving this mystery unsolved.

The Balloon Theory

A selfmade UFO above Meersburg
A selfmade UFO above Meersburg. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Another intriguing theory attributed to British novelist Geoffrey Household suggests that the tracks were created by an “experimental balloon” accidentally released from the Devonport Dockyard. According to this theory, dragging shackles left intermittent marks in the snow. While this explanation has a degree of plausibility, the notion of a drifting balloon leaving uniformly spaced tracks remains questionable.

Modern Mysteries

Even in the modern era, the Devil’s Footprints continue to perplex. In 2009, similar tracks were spotted in North Devon, mirroring those from over a century earlier. A biologist, Graham Inglis of the Centre for Fortean Zoology, noted the resemblance but dismissed infernal origins, further shrouding the enigma.

Extraterrestrial Theories

The mystery has even spurred extraterrestrial theories. Astronomer Morris K. Jessup speculated in his book, “The Case for the UFO,” that these tracks were made with mechanical precision, indicating the presence of something mechanical in the air. Jessup theorized that a ray or beam might have been responsible.

Beyond Devon – A Global Enigma

While the Devil’s Footprints in Devon are the most famous, similar occurrences have been reported worldwide. Locations such as the Kerguelen Islands, Belgium, Scotland, and even back in Devon have seen similar tracks. These incidents, some predating widespread photography, continue to baffle and beguile.

A Pervasive Mystery

The perplexing Devil’s Footprints of Devon represent only one instance of a long history of such enigmatic phenomena. Across the globe, strange tracks and marks have left their indelible mark on history, keeping us captivated by the inexplicable.


The Devil’s Footprints of Devon remain one of the most enduring and puzzling mysteries in history. While skeptics have offered various explanations, and modern research has attempted to shed light on the phenomenon, the enigma endures. Whether it was the Devil himself, a strange combination of animals, or even extraterrestrial forces, the allure of the cloven hoofprints persists, leaving us with more questions than answers.

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