Native Americans Smoked Tobacco 3000 Years Ago.

According to a groundbreaking report by Science Magazine, a dedicated team of researchers in Alabama has uncovered compelling evidence that challenges our understanding of Native American history. Through meticulous examination of an ancient Native American pipe, experts have made a remarkable discovery, shedding new light on the early use of tobacco by the first Americans.

Discovery of the Pipe

The switchyard and powerhouse for TVA’s Hiwassee Dam, located on the Hiwassee River in Cherokee County, North Carolina, USA, were constructed. ( Source )

In the 1930s, archaeologists excavating a Native American site at the confluence of the Flint and Tennessee rivers stumbled upon a trove of artifacts, including an intricately carved limestone pipe. Found at a site threatened by the construction of the Guntersville Dam, the pipe, stored in a plain paper bag at the Alabama State Repository, remained unexamined for over 70 years.

Recent advancements in research methodologies have enabled investigators to explore dental plaque and pipes, unveiling traces of tobacco consumption among Native Americans. One such pipe, labeled a “medicine tube” from a Northern Alabama excavation in the 1930s, caught the attention of experts. The mass spectrometry technique was employed to detect tobacco residues, revealing the presence of nicotine, a clear biomarker of tobacco, according to the Journal of Archaeological Science.

The Analysis of the Pipe

2- In this pipe, tests uncovered tobacco residue dating back 3500 years. ( Source )

While the limestone pipe’s exact age was indeterminable, adjacent animal bones provided a solution. Carbon dating placed the pipes between 1685 and 1530 BC, challenging previous estimates and pushing the arrival of tobacco in North America back by at least a millennium. This groundbreaking discovery not only provides insight into the early Native Americans in Alabama but also challenges preconceived notions about the history of tobacco use in the region.

The research project, supported by the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, has unearthed tobacco and jimsonweed residue in pipes dating back five to six hundred years. This evidence suggests that Native Americans were cultivating tobacco, possibly for ritualistic and religious purposes. Furthermore, experts speculate that the cultivation of tobacco played a pivotal role in the development of agriculture, potentially occurring much earlier than previously thought.


In conclusion, the revelation of ancient tobacco use by Native Americans challenges historical timelines and offers a glimpse into the cultural practices of early tribes. The cultivation of tobacco appears intertwined with religious and agricultural developments, adding a new layer to our understanding of Native American history.

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