10,000-Year-Old Footprints Reveals Amazing History of Human Encounters with Megafauna

Hey there! Gather ’round, because we’ve got an incredible story unfolding in New Mexico’s White Sands National Park. Archaeologists are on the case, examining ancient footprints that are 10,000 years old. It’s like stepping back in time and discovering the incredible interactions between humans and massive ice age creatures.

Picture this: The Alkali Flat, a massive salt playa in New Mexico, was once a giant lake. But as the climate warmed up, it transformed into dunes and salt flats. Now, archaeologists have found a treasure trove of footprints on these flats—human footprints from the end of the last ice age, around 11,550 years ago, mingling with the prints of Ice Age megafauna like mammoths and sloths. It’s like a prehistoric dance party on a massive stage!

Now, let’s rewind to 2018, when scientists shared a fascinating story about “ghost tracks” of giant ground sloths, mastodons, mammoths, camels, and dire wolves. These tracks only appear under specific weather conditions, and it was suggested that humans were following these creatures, maybe for a hunt. But hold on tight, because there’s a plot twist in the latest evidence!

A fresh paper in Quaternary Science Reviews is making waves. This time, it’s not just about footprints; it’s about the “longest trackway of fossil footprints in the world” at White Sands National Park. This international team, working with the National Park Service, uncovered a trackway that’s at least 1.5 kilometers long (that’s 0.9 miles, folks!) and astonishingly straight. Imagine walking that straight for over a mile and then coming back a few hours later. Now that’s a marathon detective mission!

Aerial view of dunefield, White Sands National Park, New Mexico, United States

What’s intriguing is that the person who made these footprints stuck to their path like glue, not deviating even by a meter. Like detectives at a crime scene, scientists measured the depths and twists of each print, creating a detailed map of the entire journey. They could even tell when the person slipped or stretched—talk about attention to detail!

Now, let’s focus on the speed demon who left these footprints. It seems like they were in a real hurry. The tracks, probably made by a young woman or a teenager, show they were moving at an exhausting speed of over 1.7 meters per second. That’s faster than a casual walk on a flat, dry surface. Imagine the adrenaline rush!

Some of the White Sands fossil footprints

Now, remember that poem “Footprints in the Sand” about God carrying someone when there’s only one set of footprints? Well, we’ve got our own twist. Along the journey, a two-year-old’s footprints join in, suggesting the person carrying the child took a break or adjusted things. But on the way back, no more child prints. It’s like a missing piece of the puzzle in this ancient adventure.


3D scans beautifully showcase the color-depth of certain fossilized footprints that have been revealed. The unique curved shape is a distinctive characteristic indicating someone walking with a burden. C: Bournemouth University

Let’s dive deeper into the footprints. The width, depth, and twists tell a tale. On the outward journey, the footprints are broader, indicating the person carried something heavy. On the way back, they’re narrower. But here’s the blockbuster revelation—the footprints of a giant sloth and a mammoth cross the path during the journey. It’s like a prehistoric traffic jam, and the sloth knew the humans were around!

So many questions arise. Why was this person alone, in a hurry, with a child, in this wild and unpredictable landscape? We’re left with more mysteries than answers, but what’s undeniable is that she made the journey, delivered the child, and returned. The ancient sands of New Mexico hold secrets, and each footprint tells a chapter of a story we’re still piecing together. What an adventure from 10,000 years ago!

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